Types of Prototypes

Proof of Concept

The use of existing materials, parts and components to prove the new Idea works or not.

Mock up 

A rough construction using crude materials such as cardboard, foam, paper or wood typically done to show the idea in 3D form.


A form built and painted for aesthetic appearance only

Working Prototype

A fully functioning item yet may not be fully designed & engineered for manufacturability, nor it may not be appearance like.

Black Box Prototype

An existing enclosure or box  with mechanical, electrical, optical and or software internals fully functioning.

Virtual Prototype

3D Computer Aided Design (CAD) rendering

Rapid Prototype

A group of techniques used to quickly fabricate a scale model of a part or assembly using three dimensional CAD data.



Contributed by:

Steve Pope


R2FACT Product Development Inc.

1009 W. 8th Street Suite 401

Kansas City, MO 64101

t) 816-994-8822  f)816-994-8821

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